Black Pepper (Binomial Name: Piper nigrum) - The King of Spices

January 3, 2015

Black Pepper, binomial name Piper nigrum is called “The King of Spices” as it is recognized as most important and most widely used spice in the world, which is used to add flavor in the food. It is also used in herbal medicine preparation to treat various ailments. Due to its various health benefits in ancient world, it was called Black Gold and the search for the pepper and other spices lead to the discovery of new lands.


In Tamil language, it is called Karuppu Miḷaku and it is native to south India and it is one of the most commonly used herb in Siddha Medical System for thousands of years for treatments of digestion problems, cold, pain and fever. It is highly produced in countries such as India, Vietnam Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, Srilanka, China and Thailand.


It has rich source of dietary fiber, Vitamin C & K, iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium, copper and Manganese. It has very low in saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium and sugar. It has alkaloid compound called piperine, which can intensely increase absorption of   vitamins and nutrients and also has good anticonvulsant property and is used to treat epilepsy.


Some of the many benefits of black pepper include:


  • Anti-bacterial

    • It helps to fight against infection

    • It is used to preserve food

    • Pepper is added to food to keep arteries clean by scraping excess cholesterol from the walls

    • It helps to breakdown the fat cells and keeps you slim

  • Anti-depressant

    • It also helps to increase endorphins in the brain which helped to reduce pain and improve mood thereby acting as a natural anti-depressant and increase brain functions.

    • Piperine in black pepper helps to improve concentration

  • Anti-septic - Piperine  has anti-septic and analgesic properties  which helps to treat wounds and lessen pain

  • Anti-viral

  • Anti-diabetic

    • It prevents the degradation of insulin and increases the metabolism of glucose

  • Anti-Oxidant

    • It can help to strengthen your immune system and increase your body's fighting power against infection

    • It helps protect from lung, stomach and oral cavity cancers.

    • Improves stamina

  • Anti-fungal

  • Anti-inflammatory

    • Due to its expectorant and strong anti-inflammatory properties it is used to treat respiratory conditions

    • It helps in proper functioning of nerve and muscle cells

  • Digestion

    • It contain alkaloids compounds which simulates the enzymes of the pancreas that breakdown proteins, speeding up the digestive process

    • It helps in relieving poor digestion and its associated problems (gas, irritation and/or diarrhoea or constipation etc.)

    • It is carminative which forces gas out of the body in a healthy downward motion rather than pressing upwards which is dangerous to chest cavity.

    • It also inhibits more gas from forming in the body.

  • It is used as an insecticide and is prescribed for eradicating parasitic worms.

  • Its oil is used for muscular aches and pains, sciatica, pain relief, rheumatism, muscle stiffness, arthritic pain relief, rheumatic pain

  • It helps to treat cholera, Urinary Problems

  • Its paste is applied for skin diseases

  • It is used for asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and sore throats

  • It is used to increase microcirculation in the capillaries


The above information is to share the knowledge of Traditional Siddha Herbs and do not serve as a medical advice.


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