Saffron (Binomial Name : Crocus Sativus)

November 1, 2014


Saffron, binomial name Crocus Sativus. It is a medicinal spice which is obtained from the dried stigma of saffron flower and it contains several carotenoid compounds.  Carotenoids is the one which give saffron its rich golden red colour, which have potential anti-depressant, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer properties. Saffron is the world’s most expensive herb and it is used in Siddha and Ayurveda Medical System for more than 2000 years. 


In Tamil language, it is called Kumkumapoo . It is an expensive herb with several health benefits, so it is also known as golden spice. Saffron is rich in vitamins that are vital for prime wellbeing including: vitamin A, riboflavin, folic acid, niacin and vitamin C. It has a good source of magnesium, manganese, selenium, calcium, zinc and phosphorus, which are essential for muscle relaxation, memory, building of new cells, heart function and much more.


Saffron is used in many recipes to improve taste and smell around the world. In India, it is used in many sweets and also as an important ingredient of Badham Kheer. Saffron is also used in the cosmetic and perfume industry and in India, it is a part of religious and marriage festivities.


Some of the many benefits of Saffron include:


  • Anti-Ageing

  • Anti-Toxin

  • Anti-Histamine

  • Anti-Viral

  • Anti-Inflammation

    • Massaging saffron on gums reduce soreness and inflammation in the mouth.

    • Reduces inflammation and clearing airways in lungs, thereby easing the symptoms of asthma

  • Anti-Diabetic

    • Increases the secretion of insulin, helps in reducing excessive blood glucose levels

    • Increases glucose absorption and fatty acid oxidation and improves insulin sensitivity

  • Anti-Oxidant

    • It can help to strengthen your immune system and increase your body's fighting power against infection

    • helps in managing the fatty acid levels in the membranes of the cells

  • Crocetin in saffron is helpful in lowering the blood pressure

  • Effective in relieving depression

  • Gastrointestinal Protection

    • Good digestive agent and helps in stimulating the secretion of gastric juices

    • It improves digestion and provides relief from acidity and gas

    • Reduces heart burn

  • Hepatoprotective  - Activates the liver and spleen

  • Hypolipidemic

    • Increases good cholesterol

    • Reduces bad cholesterol

  • It eases childbirth and in post-delivery women, it can increase strength and wellbeing faster

  • It purifies the blood and increase the oxygen content of blood.

  • It stimulates and regulates thyroid

  • It has ability to increase the level of serotonin (a chemical in the brain) which reduces chances of becoming obese. (Suppress appetite to control weight)

  • Menstrual Problems

    • Helps in treating menstrual problems ( Effective for Irregular Periods)

    • Reduces bleeding in the uterus, it alleviates the pain caused by menstruation

  • Used as a sedative and anticonvulsant in Siddha Systems of medicine

  • Very effective remedy for acne and other similar skin conditions



  • When you buy saffron threads, you must check whether they are red in colour with orange tips, else they may be dyed, and therefore, must be avoided.

  • Store saffron in an airtight container away from bright light and moisture.

  • Good quality saffron can be stored for 2-3 years, but inferior quality saffron deteriorates rapidly.


The above information is to share the knowledge of Traditional Siddha Herbs and do not serve as a medical advice. 

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